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ASEAN Heritage Parks

Khao Sok National Park

A terrestrial national park, located within a complex network of forest ecosystems spanning across fourteen (14) protected areas. Legally gazetted since 22 December 1980 and was updated in 1993.  The park, classified as IUCN Protected Area Category 2, National Park, has been managed under the national Park Act B.E. 2563.

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Location
Located in the center of the Klong Saeng – Khao Sok Forest Complex in Surat Thani Province, in the upper Malaya Peninsula.
Area
660.65 km2
Date declared as an AHP
2021
Other international designations
Habitat types
Main ecosystem is moist evergreen forest covering around 65% of the area. Freshwater reservoir covered around 25% of the park. Limestone karst is another key feature of the national park covering around 9%.
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86 tree species in moist evergreen forest, 44 plant species in limestone karst, 95 mammals, 96 reptiles, 46 amphibians, 296 birds and 118 fish species have been recorded. There are 40 rare species and 95 species under the IUCN Red List, six species are critically endangered, 15 species are endangered species, and 47 are threatened species

Unique Flora: The species with highest Important Value Index Plant Species include the Hopea griffithii, Dipterocapus grandiflorous, Palaquium impressionervium, Endemic plan species include: Khaosokia cariocoides, Impatiens sirindhorniae, Rafflesia kerri,  Maxburretia furtadoana, Paphiopedilum exul, Paphiopedilum godefroyae

Unique Fauna: Endemic species include: Storm’s Stork and Craspedacusta sp. Other important species:
Mammals: two critically endangered species (CR), such as Manis javanica, Panthera pardus and seven endangered species, such as Hipposideros turpis, Presbytis melalophos, Hylobates lar, Cuon alpinus, Viverra megaspilla, Elephas maximus, and Tapirus indicus, and 15 vulnerable species. Reptiles: two critically endangered species, Manouria emys and Indotestudo elangata and three endangered species – Heosemys spinosa, Hieremys annandalei, and Boiga sangsono There are three critically endangered bird species, such as Buceros vigil, Alcedo euryzona, and Ichthyophoga ichthyaetus One critically endangered fish species was found, which is Pangasianodon gigas, and there are three endangered species, such as Scieropages formasus, Chitala topis, and Laubuca caeruleostigmata

Habitat Types: Main ecosystem is moist evergreen forest covering around 65% of the area. Freshwater reservoir covered around 25% of the park.  Limestone karst is another key feature of the national park covering around 9%.

Tourism activities in the park are managed to raise visitors’s awareness, providing ecotourism experiences, as well as allow access to the stunning geology of the landscape through kayaking, sightseeing the Nam Lod Cave, and hiking the nature trails.

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