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ASEAN Heritage Parks

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

Established in 1884, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is one of the firsts to become a forest reserve. This covers 163 hectares, and is located in the centre of Singapore.

The park includes Bukit Timah Hill, Singapore’s highest at 163 meters. Many visit the cool summit of Bukit Timah to escape from the sweltering heat in the lowlands.

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Center of Singapore
1.63 sq km
Date declared as an AHP
18 October 2011, at the 13th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting
Other international designations
Habitat types
Contact Information

Cheryl Chia
AHP Manager
Tel.: +65 6465 3194
Fax: +65 6462 0723

Unique Flora: Seraya (Shorea curtisii); S. macrotera, S. leprosula, S. ovalis, and S. Parvifolia); rare mosses which include Pyrrhobryum spiniforme, Trismegistia lancifolia; white globba (Globba leucantha); kerinting (Rhopaloblaste singaporensis); red meranti; keruing; large jelutong; six-stemmed sonerila (Sonerila heterostemon); Magnolia candolii var. singaporensis; new rediscoveries, such as Geocharis aurantica and Memecylon pubescens

Unique Fauna: Rare forestpraying mantis (Theopropus elegans); moth Dysphania glaucescens; giant forest ant (Camponotus gigas); forest dependent Singapore freshwater crab (Johora singaporensis); blue Malayan coral snake (Calliophis bivirgatus); horned frog (Megophrys nasuta); Saint Andrew’s Cross toadlet (Pelophryne signata); thorny treefrog (Theloderma horridum); bicolored roundleaf bat (Hipposideros bicolor); naked bulldog bat (Cheiromeles torquatus); narrow-winged pipistrelle (Pipistrellus stenopterus); red-cheeked flying squirrel (Hylopetes spadiceus); smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale peropiciliata); firefly (Pteroptyx valida)

Habitat TypesHill dipterocarp primary tropical forest, lowland dipterocarp primary tropical forest, tall and low secondary forest; some pockets of fringing scrub; natural streams andvalleys.

Unique to the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is that visitors can participate in Nature Keeper’s Programme; Plant a Tree Programme; and Kids’ for Nature: the robust volunteer programme which involves free guided tours, roadshows and exhibitions.

Guests can also enjoy mountain biking trails, guided walks, thematic tours, and also proceed to the visitor centre and resting huts after touring the Bukit Timah Hill.

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