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ASEAN Heritage Parks

Bidoup Nui-Ba National Park

Situated in the Da Lat Plateau Endemic Bird Area, one of 221 Endemic Bird Areas (EBA) in the Earth, with 3 Important Bird Areas (IBA) identified in the areas which overlapped with park boundary. The park was identified as a priority site in the Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation of the Southern Annamite Mountains (WWF, 2003) for its rich biodiversity values including importance for conservation of gymnosperm species and home of number international and national threatened species. Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park is also the core zone of the Langbiang Biosphere Reserve recognized by UNESCO in 2015.

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Location
Situated in the Da Lat Plateau Endemic Bird Area, one of 221 Endemic Bird Areas (EBA) in the Earth, with 3 Important Bird Areas (IBA) identified in the areas which overlapped with park boundary. The park was identified as a priority site in the Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation of the Southern Annamite Mountains (WWF, 2003) for its rich biodiversity values including importance for conservation of gymnosperm species and home of number international and national threatened species. Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park is also the core zone of the Langbiang Biosphere Reserve recognized by UNESCO in 2015.
Area
550.53 km2
Date declared as an AHP
2018
Other international designations
Habitat types
Four major natural system occurring in the area: medium montane subtropical moist evergreen rainforest, subtropical moist evergreen rainforest, medium montane subtropical dry coniferous forest and mixed bamboo forest; and two major river systems.
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131 species of mammal representing at least 42.25% of the known mammal in Vietnam. There are 304 (36.19%) species of birds of the known 840 species of birds in the country. A total of 91 reptiles,78 species of amphibians, 44 species of freshwater species and 125 species of butterflies were recorded inside the park. The majority of the living organisms identified are plants with 1,952 species (815 genera and 180 vascular plant families). The number represents at least 14.17 % of the known plants in Vietnam, which is recorded at 13,766 species. There are 44 species of 7 freshwater fish families recorded for the park. Of the 7 families, the Cyprinidae family has highest number of species (18), followed by Balitoridae with 16 species.

Unique Flora: It is the habitat of Celebes endemic species, Dyospiros celebica or it is well-known as Ebony. Other protected species are Livistona chinensis, Livistona sp., Ascocentrum miniatum, and Phalaenopsis.
amboinensis which are known as palm and orchids.

Unique Fauna: Mammals consist of Celebes Black Monkey (Macaca maura), Celebes civet
(Macrogalidia musschenbroeckii), Celebes Cuscus (Strigocuscus celebencis),
Celebes Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), Dear (Cervus timorensis) and Tarsius
(Tarsius fuscus). High biodiversity
abundance and high population of butterflies including 200 Papilionoidea; Birds consist of Julang Sulawesi (Aceros cassidix), Forest-Cekakak Green-tunggir
(Actenoides monachus), Celebes Red Shrimp (Ceyx fallax), Kangkareng Sulawesi
(Penelopides exarhatus), Celebes snake-Eagle (Spilornis rufipectu) and Perkici
dora (Trichoglossus ornatus). Amphibians consist of Celebes Frog (Bufo celebensis) and (Rana celebensis).
Reptilian consist of two-headed snake (Cylindrophis melanotus), Celebes groundgecko
(Cyrtodactylus jellesmae), Soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), and Flying
lizard (Draco walkeri).

Habitat Types: lowland ecosystem, karst ecosystem and low-mountainous ecosystem.

The establishment of an International Research Center for Tropical Forests in the park management board marked an important milestone in scientific research and international cooperation work of the park. There are various types of eco-tourism such as hiking, cycling adventure, explore nature, sailing etc. Easy access from two major tourist centres Da Lat and Nha Trang is also an opportunity for development of ecotourism in the park. National Park currently has programmes to build a botanical garden and semi-wild zoo (safari).

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