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ASEAN Heritage Parks

Bantimurung–Bulusaraung National Park

Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park is known as the second-largest karst area in the world, Other than being home to the famous Rammang-Rammang karst area, it also boasts dozens of prehistoric caves, unique animals such as Sulawesi moor macaque, red-knobbed hornbill, cuscus and Sulawesi palm civet, as well as endemic butterfly species such as Papilio blumei, Papilio polytes, Papilio sataspes, and Graphium androcles. 

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Located between Maros and Pangkep regency, South Sulawesi
437 square kilometres
Date declared as an AHP
Other international designations
Habitat types
Lowland ecosystem, karst ecosystem, and low-mountainous ecosystem.
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Unique Flora: It is the habitat of Celebes endemic species, Dyospiros celebica or it is well-known as Ebony. Other protected species are Livistona chinensisLivistona sp.Ascocentrum miniatum, and Phalaenopsis amboinensis which are known as palm and orchids.

Unique Fauna: Mammals consist of Celebes Black Monkey (Macaca maura), Celebes civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroeckii), Celebes Cuscus (Strigocuscus celebencis), Celebes Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), Dear (Cervus timorensis) and Tarsius (Tarsius fuscus). High biodiversity abundance and high population of butterflies including 200 Papilionoidea; Birds consist of Julang Sulawesi (Aceros cassidix), Forest-Cekakak Green-tunggir (Actenoides monachus), Celebes Red Shrimp (Ceyx fallax), Kangkareng Sulawesi (Penelopides exarhatus), Celebes snake-Eagle (Spilornis rufipectu) and Perkici dora (Trichoglossus ornatus). Amphibians consist of Celebes Frog (Bufo celebensis) and (Rana celebensis). Reptilian consist of two-headed snake (Cylindrophis melanotus), Celebes groundgecko (Cyrtodactylus jellesmae), Soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), and Flying lizard (Draco walkeri).


It has approximately 41 prehistoric caves including Leang-leang prehistoric park which has a unique archaeological value because the paintings of hand palms and animals prey drawn in the cave’s walls and prehistoric food waste fossils. There are 7 priority ecotourism attraction sites in BBNP: Bantimuring Waterfalls Complex, Pattunuang Asue area, Wildlife watching and tracking area of Karaenta, Vertical cave of Leang Pute, Leang – leang prehistoric cave, Bulusaraung Mountain area and Leang Londrong natural water pool area.

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